Future Journals Copyright Statement

Future Journals publishes its own journals (referred to here as Future Journals Journals) and journals owned by third parties (referred to here as Hosted Journals). When we refer to Journals, we include both Future Journals Journals and Hosted Journals.

In this Copyright Statement, Websites (with a capitalized W) refers to all Future Journals websites, including those of Hosted Journals. An Owner means Future Journals as the owner of all Future Journals Journals, or the respective owner of a Hosted Journal.

All content included on these Websites (including Loop), such as text, graphics, logos, button icons, images, video/audio clips, downloads, data compilations, and software, is the property of the person or entity who or which owned it prior to submission to Future Journals or to a Hosted Journal. If not owned by Future Journals or an Owner of a Hosted Journal, it is licensed to Future Journals Media SA (“Future Journals”), such Owner or its or their licensees and/or subcontractors.

The ownership of the copyright in the text of individual articles (including research articles, opinion articles, book reviews, conference proceedings and abstracts) is not affected by its submission to or publication by Future Journals, whether for itself or for a Hosted Journal. Future Journals benefits from a general license overall content submitted. Hosted Journal Owners benefit from a general license overall content submitted to their respective Hosted Journals. Future Journals, Hosted Journal Owners and all their users benefit from a Creative Commons CC-BY licence overall content, as specified below.

Images and graphics not forming part of user-contributed materials are the property of or are licensed to Future Journals and may not be downloaded or copied without Future Journals’ explicit and specific permission or in accordance with any specific copyright notice attached to that material.

The combination of all content on Future Journals websites, and the look and feel of the Future Journals websites, is the property of Future Journals Media SA.

As an author or contributor, you grant permission to others to reproduce your articles, including any graphics and third-party materials supplied by you, in accordance with the Future Journals Terms and Conditions. The license granted to third parties overall contents of each article, including third-party elements, is a Creative Commons Attribution ("CC BY") licence. The current version is CC-BY, version 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), and the license will automatically be updated as and when updated by the Creative Commons organization.

You may include a requirement to reproduce copyright notices but you may not restrict the right to reproduce the entire article, including third-party graphics. This means that you must obtain any necessary third-party consents and permissions to reproduce third-party materials in your articles submitted to Future Journals.

E-books are subject to the same licensing conditions as the articles within them.

Future Journals or the Owner of the respective Hosted Journal, and are licensed under Creative Commons CC0 terms.

All software used on this site, and the copyright in the code constituting such software, and all intellectual property in all such elements, is the property of or is licensed to Future Journals and its use is restricted in accordance with the Future Journals Terms and Conditions. All copyright, and all rights therein, are protected by national and international copyright laws.

Future Science Association applies the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license to articles and other works we publish. Authors of articles published in Frontiers journals retain copyright on their articles, except for any third-party images and other materials added by Innovative Scientific Information and Services network, which are subject to copyright of their respective owners. If you submit your paper for publication by the Innovative Scientific Information and Services network, you agree to have the CC BY license applied to your work. Under this Open Access license, you as the author agree that anyone can reuse your article in whole or part for any purpose, for free, even for commercial purposes. Anyone may copy, distribute, or reuse the content as long as the author and original source are properly cited. This facilitates freedom in re-use and also ensures that published content can be mined without barriers for the needs of research.

Corrections to published articles. If necessary, corrections of significant errors in published articles will be published in a later issue of the Journal. Within two months after publication, authors are requested to bring any errors to the attention of the managing editor.